STIMULANTS and AMPHETAMINES
Cocaine, crack cocaine and methamphetamine are all stimulants and attract the higher media profile and notoriety. However, the use and abuse of prescription stimulants and amphetamines is becoming more widespread. While prescription stimulants and amphetamines attract less attention than higher profile drugs, they have a similar potential for abuse, addiction and negative consequences. Each stimulant works by a different mechanism, but each has similar effects. Stimulants and amphetamines excite the nervous system, heighten focus, keep the user awake and in some cases provide high levels of euphoria and confidence. Professionals, college students, high schoolers and even younger students are abusing amphetamines to stay up late, for schoolwork or just for fun. The distribution of prescription stimulants and prescription amphetamines is controlled by doctors, but like any other controlled substance, the potential for abuse exists. Amphetamine and stimulant abuse often takes the form of off-label use, when an individual takes a drug without a prescription or in an unapproved manner. This includes when someone takes an amphetamine as a study aid or when a pill is crushed and snorted to achieve a stronger, faster high. Mixing stimulants or amphetamines with alcohol is common, and dangerous. When mixed, stimulants can keep the individual awake longer, and encourage them to drink more. The risks of heavy alcohol use only increase when combined with amphetamine or stimulant abuse.
SIGNS OF ABUSE
Stimulants are known as being performance enhancing drugs. Stimulants and amphetamines produce a profusion of dopamine and after prolonged use, the brain will struggle to produce proper levels of dopamine, as it has grown used to overproducing dopamine through the pills. Signs that someone is abusing stimulants and amphetamines include experiencing euphoria, increased energy and attentiveness, having an irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, sleeplessness, restlessness, and drastic weight loss caused by loss of appetite.
Amphetamine or stimulant withdrawal is not life-threatening, however it can cause physical and mental symptoms such as insomnia and sleeplessness, seizures, anxiety, mood swings, drastic increase or decrease in appetite, trouble concentrating and muscle aches.
Brand Name Stimulants and Amphetamines
Stimulants and amphetamines are frequently prescribed by doctors, but can still be abused just like any other drug. Brand name products for amphetamine prescription drugs include Adderall, Adderall XR, Adzenys XR-ODT, Dexedrine, Zenzedi, Dyanavel XR, Evekeo.