Benzo’s, short for benzodiazepines, are psychoactive medications that are prescribe to people struggling with anxiety, sleep disorders or even physical conditions such as people who have convulsions brought on by cerebral palsy. There are more than a dozen different kinds of benzos that are all used for their own purpose.
When a benzo is taken, it slows down a person’s brain activity and the bodies nerve impulses. This results in drowsiness, uncoordinated movements, and slowed reaction times.
Even though many benzos are the same, the key differences between the variations of the drug are there dosage, absorption rate and abuse-protentional.
There are long acting benzo’s such as Valium or Librium and, short acting benzo’s such as Xanax or Ativan.
Benzo addiction can occur when people misuse their prescription by taking more than they are prescribed or if they are taking the medication for long periods of time they can become physically addicted to the drug.
Substance use disorder, formerly called addiction, is caused by a number of different factors. It is a mental illness, not a moral failing.
Benzo’s are extremely habit-forming sedatives. People may become addicted to the feeling of relaxation. As tolerance to the drug builds, they attempt to emulate that initial high, needing more and more of the drug.
Since 2016 benzo prescriptions have tripled, which may also contribute to an uptick in benzo addiction.